The FIR is the first report received by the Police about an offence. Examples of an FIR are a Police Report lodged by a complainant or the transcript of the telephone call made by the complainant through the Police “999” Telephone Hotline.
What is meant by First Information Report?
First Information Report (FIR) is a written document prepared by the police when they receive information about the commission of a cognizable offence. It is a report of information that reaches the police first in point of time and that is why it is called the First Information Report.
What does a first information report contains?
The first information report means an information recorded by a police officer on duty given either by the aggrieved person or any other person to the commission of an alleged offence. On the basis of first information report, the police commences its investigation.
What is the difference between complaint and first information report?
A complaint is a piece of information given orally or in writing to a Magistrate about an offence committed by a person. An FIR or First Information Report is the information given to a police officer in charge of a station regarding an offence being committed and it must be reduced into writing.
How do I get my first information report?
You can file the FIR at any police station. You do not necessarily have to be in that area particular area where the crime has been committed. But, try to visit a nearest police station as the FIR has to be filled immediately without any delay.
What is meant by First Information Report discuss the various essentials of the same?
Essential Conditions of F.I.R.
It must be a piece of information. It must be in writing. If given in writing, should be reduced into writing by the concerned police officer. The main act or crime should be cognizable in nature, not the ones subsequent to the main act.
What is meant by First Information Report in CrPC?
Sec. 154 of the CRPC deals with First Information Report (FIR) i.e. first information of a cognizable crime to the police. FIR is not defined in the Code but it means information relating to the commission of a cognizable offence given to the police first in point of time.
What is First Information Report and its evidentiary value?
Evidentiary value of a First Information Report
If the person making any such statement to the police subsequently appears and gives evidence in court at the time of trial, his former statement could , however be used to corroborate or to contradict his testimony according to the provisions of the Evidence Act, 1872.
What kind of cases come before the criminal court?
It also has a residual jurisdiction over some matters involving compensation for work injuries; and hears cases about offences committed under the Work Health and Safety Act 2011. Appeals of Local Court and Children’s Court decisions are heard by the district court in its appellate jurisdiction.
What is the punishment for false FIR?
(1) Any person, who makes false complaint or provides false information against any person, in respect of an offence committed under sections 3, 5, 7 and section 9, solely with the intention to humiliate, extort or threaten or defame him, shall be punished with imprisonment for a term which may extend to six months or …
What is difference between inquiry and investigation?
An inquiry is a process of asking for information to find out the truth. An investigation is a systematic procedure of research studies to gather evidence. The aim of the inquiry is to determine the truth, to know if the allegations are true or not. The aim of the investigation is to collect facts and evidence.
What is the difference between FIR and GD?
A general diary (GD) entry or a daily diary entry is made when any kind of complaint is lodged and the police enter the details in their records. … The general diary entry is an internal police record, while in the case of FIR or non-cognizable report, a copy of these will be provided to the complainant.
What is difference between inquiry and trial?
Inquiry includes everything done by a Magistrate, irrespective of whether the case has been challenged or not. A trial is a judicial proceeding that ends either with conviction or acquittal.
How do I complain about a cheating case?
To file a complaint under section 420 of the Indian Penal Code you may approach the nearest police station that has authority over the area where the crime was committed.
What is the First Information Report Class 8?
FIR stands for First Information Report. The police have to file a FIR whenever a person gives information about a known offence. This information can be given to the police either orally or in writing. A FIR is necessary for the police to begin their investigations into a crime.
How do you write FIR against someone?
To file a FIR, one has to visit to the nearest pollice station. Then the person has to inform the police officer on duty his complaint. It can be done either orally or in writing . But if it is made orally, then it is the duty of the police officer recording the FIR to conert it into writing.