When the Spaniards arrived in the Philippines in 1521, the colonizers used art as a tool to propagate the Catholic faith through beautiful images. … They replaced the arts that were once done in a communal spirit and community setting for rituals. The church, particularly the friars, became the new patron of the arts.
What happened to the Philippines during Spanish?
On August 13, 1898, during the Battle of Manila (1898), Americans took control of the city. In December 1898, the Treaty of Paris (1898) was signed, ending the Spanish–American War and selling the Philippines to the United States for $20 million. With this treaty, Spanish rule in the Philippines formally ended.
What are Spanish influences on Philippine art?
The ilustrados became the new patron of the arts. These events paved the way for the secularization of art in the 19th century. The Spanish friars introduced Western painting in the Philippines to artisans who learned to copy on two-dimensional form from the religious icons that the friars brought from Spain,.
What did the Spanish period contribute to the Philippine literature?
Eventually, the native translator learned to read and write both in Spanish and his native language. This development marked the beginning of Indio literacy and thus spurred the creation of the first written literary native text by the native.
What kinds of art were classified during the Spanish colonization?
From the technologies used in crafting ritual paraphernalia developed the various visual art forms which characterized the Spanish colonial period: sculpture, painting, printmaking, furniture, fine metalwork, metal casting, textile arts, and fiesta decor.
Why did the Spanish colonize the Philippines?
Spain had three objectives in its policy toward the Philippines, its only colony in Asia: to acquire a share in the spice trade, to develop contacts with China and Japan in order to further Christian missionary efforts there, and to convert the Filipinos to Christianity. …
What is the effect of Spanish colonization in the Philippines?
Spanish Colonization (1565-1898)
Because Spain controlled the Philippines so early and for so long, they were a massive influence to the modern Filipino culture. The biggest influence still seen to this day is religion. The majority of religion practiced in the Philippines is still Roman Catholic, at 79.5%.
When did the Spanish colonize the Philippines?
After King Philip II (for whom the islands are named) had dispatched three further expeditions that ended in disaster, he sent out Miguel López de Legazpi, who established the first permanent Spanish settlement, in Cebu, in 1565.
What are the disadvantages of Spanish colonization in the Philippines?
Two main ways that Spain was detrimental to Filipinos was by improper taxation and the friars and priests enforcing religion, language, and social norms. One way that Spain aided the Philippines was through the galleon trade.
Was there art developed during Spanish colonization?
The most prominent types of art during the Spanish colonization were religious art, since they were commissioned by the Catholic Church which was the…
What happened in pre Spanish period?
INTRODUCTION Long before the arrival of the Spaniards, ancient Filipinos were living in scattered barangays and ruled by different chieftains. The Philippine mythology and Folklore,is characterized during pre-spanish period by LEGENDS,FOLKTALES,EPIC,FOLKSONG,EPIGRAMS,RIDDLES,CHANT,PROVERBS and SAYINGS.
What is your idea about Philippine literature during pre Spanish period?
Long before the Spaniards and other foreigners landed or set foot on Philippine shores, our forefathers already had their own literature stamped in the history of our race. Our ancient literature shows our customs and traditions in everyday life as traced in our folk stories, old plays and short stories.
How long did Spanish colonization in the Philippines last?
On June 12, 1898, Emilio Aguinaldo declared the Philippines independent from Spain and proclaimed himself president. After ruling for 333 years, the Spaniards finally left in 1898 and were replaced by the Americans who stayed for 48 years.
What are the ethnic art forms during pre colonial time?
- Wood carving.
- This is a weapon used to defend the honor of Tausugs.
- Tausugs are famous for their intricately carved scabbards and handles of weaponry sometimes incised mother of pearl.
Was there an art before colonization in the Philippines?
Stone, ivory, and other carvings. Stone carving is a prized art form in the Philippines, even prior to the arrival of Western colonizers, as seen in the stone likha and larauan or tao-tao crafts of the natives.
What is Philippine art?
The traditional arts in the Philippines include folk architecture, maritime transport, famous sculpture in the Philippines, weaving, carving, folk performing arts, folk (oral) literature, folk graphic and plastic arts, ornament, pottery, and other artistic expressions of traditional culture.