Is the 12 mile rule applicable in the Philippines?

A nautical mile is equivalent to 1.852 kilometers or 1.1508 miles. Those 12 nautical miles constitute the country’s territorial sea. Anything within the 12 nautical mile area is Philippine territory, which means that anyone or anything within that zone is subject to Philippine laws.

Why is the 12 mile rule not applicable in the Philippines?

However, he said Philippine laws are not applicable beyond the 12-mile territorial sea of the country because of limited jurisdiction. …

Is EEZ part of Philippine territory?

The Philippines has an exclusive economic zone that covers 2,263,816 square kilometers (874,064 sq mi) of sea. It claims an EEZ of 200 nautical miles (370 km) from its shores. This is due to the 7,641 islands comprising the Philippine archipelago.

Is Benham Rise part of Philippine territory?

Manila — “Benham Rise is part of Philippine territory. … Benham Rise is an undersea territory located east of Luzon. It includes a 13-million hectare extended continental shelf validated in 2012 by the United Nations’ Commission on the Limits of the Continental Shelf (UN CLCS) as the Philippines’ newest territory.

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What is considered internal waters of the Philippines?

Lakes and rivers are considered internal waters. All “archipelagic waters” within the outermost islands of an archipelagic state such as Indonesia or the Philippines are also considered internal waters, and are treated the same with the exception that innocent passage through them must be allowed.

What is the legal basis for the Philippines claim on the West Philippine Sea?

The administrative order asserts the Philippine claim over its EEZ in the South China Sea which conveys the Philippine government’s position that it has sovereign rights under the 1982 United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea over the West Philippine Sea area and “inherent power and right to designate its …

Which of the following rules is adopted by the Philippines in determining the limits of its territory?

The fundamental position of the Philippines regarding the extent of its territorial and maritime boundaries is based on two contentious premises: first, that the limits of its national territory are the boundaries laid down in the 1898 Treaty of Paris which ceded the Philippines from Spain to the United States; and …

Does Philippines have sovereignty?

The Philippines is a democratic and republican State. Sovereignty resides in the people and all government authority emanates from them. … Civilian authority is, at all times, supreme over the military. The Armed Forces of the Philippines is the protector of the people and the State.

Is the Philippines protected by Unclos?

The United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS) was adopted in 1982 in Montego Bay, Jamaica and entered into force on 16 November 1994. UNCLOS provides a comprehensive legal framework governing all activities and uses of the world’s seas and oceans. … The Philippines is the 11th country that ratified UNCLOS.

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What is the territorial jurisdiction of the Philippines?

The national territory comprises the Philippine archipelago, with all the islands and waters embraced therein, and all other territories over which the Philippines has sovereignty or jurisdiction, consisting of its terrestrial, fluvial and aerial domains, including its territorial sea, the seabed, the subsoil, the …

Do we have rights over the Philippine Rise?

The United Nations had in 2012 awarded Philippine Rise formerly called Benham Rise to the Philippines as an extension of its continental shelf. With the ruling, the country was granted”sovereign rights” over Philippine Rise, which means the Philippines has exclusive rights to explore and exploit resources there.

How deep is the Philippine Rise?

The Philippine Rise is geomorphologically distinct from the deep ocean fl oor and forms a thick crust lying at about 3,000–3,500 meters below sea level, except for the Benham Bank, its shallowest point, which towers up to 48–70 meters below sea level.

What country owns Benham Rise?

May 16 next week marks one year since President Rodrigo R. Duterte signed Executive Order (EO) No. 25 renaming Benham Rise to Philippine Rise, consolidating on the UN ruling in favor of the Philippines’ claim.

Why is international waters 12 miles?

For a long time, territorial seas stretched as far as a state could exercise control from land. … With the negotiation of the 1982 United Nations Law of the Sea Convention, the allowed breadth of a territorial sea claim was extended to 12 nautical miles (22 kilometers).

Are there any laws in international waters?

Generally speaking, the law of the sea stipulates that maritime countries essentially control their territorial waters from the shore out to a distance of 12 miles (19.3 km), the “12-mile limit.” Within this zone, all laws of that country apply: the country can build, extract natural resources, and either encourage or …

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How far offshore are international waters?

International Waters: Once a vessel is in waters that are more than 24 miles off the coast of a country, they are considered to be on the high seas and in international waters.