It is considered to be a mega – diversity country because of the exceptional diversity in ecosystems, species and genetic resources found within its 7,100 island territory. … The overexploitation of natural resources, reduced the forests to an alarming 24% from its original cover.
Is the Philippines a biodiversity hotspot?
The Philippines is also one of the world’s biodiversity hotspots with at least 700 threatened species, thus making it one of the top global conservation areas. … This unique biodiversity is supported by a large variety of ecosystems, landscapes and habitats, most of which are also greatly threatened by human activities.
What is biological hotspot and why Philippines is considered to be part of it?
It is generally accepted that the Philippines terrestrial and marine habitats contain some of the richest biodiversities of flora and fauna, and its waters are considered a part of the biodiverse Coral Triangle. Further, many of these organisms are endemic to the Philippines.
Why Philippines included in the list of global hotspots?
The Philippines are of volcanic origin; a large part of the terrain is mountainous, with fertile soils and spectacular landscapes. The country is one of the few nations that is, in its entirety, both a hotspot and a megadiversity country, placing it among the top priority hotspots for global conservation.
Why Philippines is one of the hottest hotspots in the world?
The mountainous areas on the island of Luzon are rich in plants and animals and have a relatively high forest cover compared to the lowlands (Heaney 2001;Posa et al. 2008). … … The Philippines are classified as a global biodiversity hotspot with high endemism and value for conservation (Myers et al.
What is Philippine biodiversity?
The Philippines is one of the 17 mega biodiverse countries, containing two-thirds of the Earth’s biodiversity and 70 percent of world’s plants and animal species due to its geographical isolation, diverse habitats and high rates of endemism. The Philippines’ biodiversity provides several ecosystem services.
How diverse is Philippines?
The Philippines is the tenth most linguistically diverse country in the world (Nolasco 2007). … According to the National Commission for Culture and Arts, there are 52 major ethno-linguistic groups in the Philippines and 144 languages or dialects.
What defines a biodiversity hotspot?
Yet biodiversity hotspots are, by definition, in a conservation crisis. To be classified as a biodiversity hotspot, a region must have lost at least 70 percent of its original natural vegetation, usually due to human activity. … The Andes Mountains Tropical Hotspot is the world’s most diverse hotspot.
Where are the hotspots of biodiversity explain?
A biodiversity hotspot is a biogeographic region that is both a significant reservoir of biodiversity and is threatened with destruction. The term biodiversity hotspot specifically refers to 25 biologically rich areas around the world that have lost at least 70 percent of their original habitat.
Why is the Philippines poor despite its abundant and diverse natural resources?
Aside from social, economic and political issues, environmental factors also contribute towards making the Philippines poor. Many rural Filipinos depend on the country’s extensive natural resources, particularly for the fishing and agricultural industries.
Why are some countries called hotspot?
To qualify as a biodiversity hotspot, a region must meet two strict criteria: It must have at least 1,500 vascular plants as endemics — which is to say, it must have a high percentage of plant life found nowhere else on the planet. A hotspot, in other words, is irreplaceable.
Why is sundaland a biodiversity hotspot?
Due to the large land area defined as Sundaland, there are many different ecosystems embedded. These include mangrove forests, peat swamp forests, tropical rainforests and montane forests. Sundaland is known for its significant biodiversity in the plant and animal species found in the area.
What type of ecosystem is the Philippines?
The Lay of the Land: Ecosystem Diversity in the Philippines
|General Types (Higher Level)||Sub-types (Lower Level)|
|Freshwater Ecosystem||Lacustrine: Lakes and ponds Riverine: rivers, streams, creeks Palustrine: marshes|
|Brackish/Estuarine Ecosystem||Mangrove swamp Nipa swamp|
Why do you think the Philippines has so many threatened or endangered species?
Of more than 50,000 species of flora and fauna in the Philippines, more than half are found nowhere else in the world. However, there are now many endangered species in the Philippines heading to extinction mostly due to the numerous huntings.
Is Narra endemic to the Philippines?
DISTRIBUTION AND HABITAT
The narra is commonly found in primary, and in some areas, secondary forests at low and medium altitudes throughout the Philippines. It is endemic to tropical and temperate Asia and Malaysia and to the north and southwest Pacific zones.
What is diversity and biodiversity?
The term biodiversity (from “biological diversity”) refers to the variety of life on Earth at all its levels, from genes to ecosystems, and can encompass the evolutionary, ecological, and cultural processes that sustain life.