Although Indonesia did not become the country’s official name until the time of independence, the name was used as early as 1884 by a German geographer; it is thought to derive from the Greek indos, meaning “India,” and nesos, meaning “island.” After a period of occupation by the Japanese (1942–45) during World War II, …
What was the old name of Indonesia?
Formal Name: Republic of Indonesia (Republik Indonesia; the word Indonesia was coined from the Greek indos—for India—and nesos—for island). Short Form: Indonesia. Former Names: Netherlands East Indies; Dutch East Indies.
What was Indonesia before Indonesia?
The Dutch East Indies (or Netherlands East-Indies; Dutch: Nederlands(ch)-Indië; Indonesian: Hindia Belanda) were a Dutch colony consisting of what is now Indonesia. It was formed from the nationalised trading posts of the Dutch East India Company, which came under the administration of the Dutch government in 1800.
Why is Indonesia called India?
Indonesia is an amalgamation of two Greek words; Indos (India) and Nesos (archipelago). So it makes sense that Indonesia’s name is similar with India’s because India is the first half of Indonesia’s name.
Where does Indonesian originate from?
Indonesian, which originated from Malay, is a member of the Austronesian family of languages, which includes languages from Southeast Asia, the Pacific Ocean and Madagascar, with a smaller number in continental Asia.
What is the real name of Indonesia?
Indonesia is the common and official name to refer to the Republic of Indonesia or Indonesian archipelago; however, other names, such as Nusantara and East Indies are also known.
What was Jakarta originally called?
Jakarta, formerly (until 1949) Batavia or (1949–72) Djakarta, largest city and capital of Indonesia.
Who found Indonesia first?
Europeans such as the Portuguese arrived in Indonesia from the 16th century seeking to monopolise the sources of valuable nutmeg, cloves, and cubeb pepper in Maluku. In 1602, the Dutch established the Dutch East India Company (VOC) and became the dominant European power by 1610.
Who founded Indonesia?
Upon Japanese surrender, Sukarno and Mohammad Hatta declared Indonesian independence on 17 August 1945, and Sukarno was appointed as its president. He led Indonesians in resisting Dutch re-colonisation efforts via diplomatic and military means until the Dutch recognition of Indonesian independence in 1949.
How old is Indonesia?
Fossilised remains of Homo erectus, popularly known as the “Java Man”, suggest the Indonesian archipelago was inhabited two million to 500,000 years ago. Homo sapiens reached the region around 43,000 BCE.
Does Indonesia like China?
A Pew Research Center poll in 2019 indicated favourability had dropped since then, with 36% of Indonesians expressing a favourable view of China and 36% expressing an unfavourable view.
Are Indian and Indonesian the same?
Both countries are neighbours, as India’s Andaman and Nicobar Islands share a maritime border with Indonesia along the Andaman Sea. The Indian-Indonesian relationship stretches back for almost two millennia.
|Embassy of India, Jakarta||Embassy of Indonesia, New Delhi|
What is Indonesia’s nickname?
also known as ‘The Emerald of the Equator’
In addition, Indonesia is an archipelago, consisting of thousands of islands. So that makes Indonesia is rich in natural and cultural wealth. That is why Indonesia is called as the emerald of the equator.
Is Indonesian a race or ethnicity?
|Ethnic groups||Population (million)||Main Regions|
|Javanese||95.217||Central Java, Yogyakarta, East Java, Lampung, Jakarta|
|Sundanese||31.765||West Java, Banten, Lampung|
|Malay||8.789||Sumatra eastern coast, West Kalimantan|
|Madurese||6.807||Madura island, East Java|
What race is someone from Indonesia?
Indonesians: A Malay People
They are regarded as mix of southern Mongols, Proto-Malays, Polynesians, and in some areas, Arab, Indian or Chinese. The main non-Malay people are ethnic groups who live in West Papua (Irian Jaya, on New Guinea) and nearby islands.
Is Indonesian an ethnicity?
Based on ethnic classification, the largest ethnic group in Indonesia is the Javanese who make up about 40% of the total population. The Javanese are concentrated on the island of Java, particularly in the central and eastern parts.