What did newly appointed Secretary of Defense Clark Clifford conclude regarding the situation in Vietnam quizlet?

What did newly appointed Secretary of Defense Clark Clifford conclude regarding the situation in Vietnam?

At his confirmation hearing, he told the Armed Services Committee of the U.S. Senate that the limited objective of the U.S. was to guarantee to the people of South Vietnam the right of self-determination. He opposed ending the U.S. bombing of North Vietnam at the time, but acknowledged that the situation could change.

What did Clark Clifford conclude about the Vietnam War?

Later, on 31 October 1968, to encourage the successful outcome of these talks, the president, with Clifford’s strong support, ordered an end to all bombing in North Vietnam. Clifford, like McNamara, had to deal with frequent requests for additional troops from military commanders in Vietnam.

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What was Clark Clifford’s assessment of Vietnam?

Through the deliberations of the Clifford Task Force, Clifford concluded that a military victory in Vietnam was not possible within the limited nature and objectives of the war.

Why did Secretary of Defense Robert McNamara insist on a gradual escalation in the Vietnam War?

He believed that if the North Vietnamese wore the American forces down enough they would eventually leave. In an expanded sense, however, many American foreign-policy strategists misjudged the spread of communism.

What was the significance of the 1968 Tet Offensive?

The Tet Offensive played an important role in weakening U.S. public support for the war in Vietnam. Ho Chi Minh and leaders in Hanoi planned the Tet Offensive in the hopes of achieving a decisive victory that would end the grinding conflict that frustrated military leaders on both sides.

Who served as secretary of defense during the Vietnam War?

McNamara, in full Robert Strange McNamara, (born June 9, 1916, San Francisco, California, U.S.—died July 6, 2009, Washington, D.C.), U.S. secretary of defense from 1961 to 1968 who revamped Pentagon operations and who played a major role in the nation’s military involvement in the Vietnam War.

How was Clark Clifford’s view of the Vietnam War different from Robert McNamara’s view on the war?

McNamara had been urging the president to gradually disengage from the conflict in Vietnam. In contrast, Clifford advocated an escalation of the war. He told the Senate Armed Services Committee that his main objective was to guarantee to the South Vietnamese people the right of self-determination.

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What was the Clifford Elsey report?

In Clifford’s opinion, the Clifford–Elsey report, as it has come to be known, “contained the seeds of the Marshall Plan, the seeds of North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), and the basic principles upon which the President relied for the Truman Doctrine.” Most historians credit George Elsey as the primary author, …

Who served as commander of U.S. troops in Vietnam?

William Westmoreland commanded U.S. forces in the Vietnam War from 1964 to 1968. He treated the conflict as a war of attrition, which diminished domestic support.

Who succeeded Robert McNamara as secretary of defense?

McNamara subsequently resigned; Johnson adviser Clark Clifford succeeded him.

Who was Johnson’s chief military advisor on Vietnam?

Robert McNamara

Under Kennedy, and later under Lyndon Johnson, McNamara supported increased U.S. involvement in Vietnam, but began to change his position in about 1966. By 1967, he openly supported a peaceful solution to the conflict.

Was McNamara an effective leader?

Robert S. McNamara (1916-2009) was the most powerful American Secretary of Defense in history and in many ways the architect of the modern war on terror. He was an immensely talented and successful man, whose career went up like a rocket from the beginning.

What did Robert McNamara do in the Vietnam War?

McNamara was Secretary of Defense from 1961 to 1968 in the Kennedy Administration, which led the US into the Vietnam adventure, and in the Johnson Administration, which widened the involvement to a war in which 58,000 American troops died.