How did Indonesia get its name?

Although Indonesia did not become the country’s official name until the time of independence, the name was used as early as 1884 by a German geographer; it is thought to derive from the Greek indos, meaning “India,” and nesos, meaning “island.” After a period of occupation by the Japanese (1942–45) during World War II, …

Who gave the name Indonesia?

After going back and forth with different names, it is believed to be George Samuel Windsor Earl, a British ethnologist, who first coined the term ‘Indunesia’ and introduced it into scientific discourse in 1850. ‘Indus’ was derived from the ‘Indies’ while ‘nesia’ is Greek for ‘islands’ (nesos).

What was the old name of Indonesia?

Formal Name: Republic of Indonesia (Republik Indonesia; the word Indonesia was coined from the Greek indos—for India—and nesos—for island). Short Form: Indonesia. Former Names: Netherlands East Indies; Dutch East Indies.

What was Indonesia before Indonesia?

The Dutch East Indies (or Netherlands East-Indies; Dutch: Nederlands(ch)-Indië; Indonesian: Hindia Belanda) were a Dutch colony consisting of what is now Indonesia. It was formed from the nationalised trading posts of the Dutch East India Company, which came under the administration of the Dutch government in 1800.

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How did Indonesia come to be?

The Indonesian archipelago was formed during the thaw after the Last Glacial Maximum. Early humans travelled by sea and spread from mainland Asia eastward to New Guinea and Australia. Homo sapiens reached the region by around 45,000 years ago.

What is the real name of Indonesia?

Indonesia is the common and official name to refer to the Republic of Indonesia or Indonesian archipelago; however, other names, such as Nusantara and East Indies are also known.

What was Jakarta originally called?

Jakarta, formerly (until 1949) Batavia or (1949–72) Djakarta, largest city and capital of Indonesia.

Why is Indonesia called India?

Indonesia is an amalgamation of two Greek words; Indos (India) and Nesos (archipelago). So it makes sense that Indonesia’s name is similar with India’s because India is the first half of Indonesia’s name.

What is Indonesia’s nickname?

also known as ‘The Emerald of the Equator’

In addition, Indonesia is an archipelago, consisting of thousands of islands. So that makes Indonesia is rich in natural and cultural wealth. That is why Indonesia is called as the emerald of the equator.

Why did the Dutch take over Indonesia?

The Dutch arrived in Indonesia in 1595 looking for natural resources and a place to take over.

Was Indonesia a British colony?

From 1811 to 1815, Indonesia was administrated by the British. … The British ruled the Malay Peninsula (British Malaya) and Northern Borneo, while the Dutch controlled Java, Sumatra, and most of the Indonesian archipelago until the Japanese invasion in 1942.

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Why did the Dutch leave Indonesia?

After the Second World War, the Netherlands tried to reconquer their former colony, which they had been forced to abandon to the Japanese in 1942. But Indonesian nationalists claimed independence for the archipelago.

What makes Indonesia unique?

Indonesia is the largest archipelago in the world. … Indonesia’s most fertile land is on the island of Java. Indonesia is a vast equatorial archipeago of 17,000 islands extending 5,150 kilometers (3,200 miles) east to west, between the Indian and Pacific Oceans in Southeast Asia.

Did the Dutch colonize Indonesia?

In the 1600s, the Dutch East India Company (VOC) began colonizing parts of Indonesia. After the abolition of the VOC in 1796, the Dutch government gained control over Indonesia, which was then referred to as the Netherlands East Indies.

When did the Japanese invade Indonesia?

The Japanese Empire occupied the Dutch East Indies (now Indonesia) during World War II from March 1942 until after the end of the war in September 1945.

Japanese occupation of the Dutch East Indies.

Japanese-occupied Dutch East Indies Ranryō Higashi Indo 蘭領東印度
Emperor
• 1942–1945 Hirohito
Historical era World War II
• Dutch capitulation 8 March 1942